Guide of Brussels
Presentation of BruSSELS
Brussels, officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is the de facto capital city of the European Union (EU) and the largest urban area in Belgium. It includes the City of Brussels municipality which is the capital of Belgium, of Flanders, and of the French Community of Belgium.
Since the end of the Second World War, Brussels has been an important centre for international politics. It hosts the main institutions of the European Union, and the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Thus, Brussels is the polyglot home of many international organisations, politicians, diplomats and civil servants. Brussels is the EU's third-richest city in terms of per capita income.
Although historically the majority language in Brussels was a Brabantian dialect of the Dutch language, the city has now become in its majority Francophone following a long period of Frenchification. Today most inhabitants are native French-speakers, although both languages have official status. This process has led to a longstanding conflict between the French- and Dutch-speaking communities of Belgium, reflecting the situation in the country at large. Brussels is the capital of Flanders and of the French Community of Belgium.
History of Brussels
In 1830, the Belgian revolution took place in Brussels after a performance of Auber's opera La Muette de Portici at De Munt. On 21 July 1831, Leopold I, the first King of the Belgians, ascended the throne, undertaking the destruction of the city walls and the construction of many buildings. Following independence, the city underwent many more changes. The Senne had become a serious health hazard, and from 1867 to 1871 its entire urban area was completely covered over. This allowed urban renewal and the construction of modern buildings and boulevards which are characteristic of downtown Brussels today.
The 1927 Solvay Conference in Brussels was the first world physics conference. During the 20th century the city has hosted various fairs and conferences, including the fifth Solvay Conference in 1927 and two world fairs: the Brussels International Exposition (1935) and the Expo '58.
In World War II Brussels was bombed by the German Luftwaffe from 10 May 1940 on; most of the war damage to the city however took place in 1944–1945.
The construction of the North-South Junction was completed in 1952.
The first Brussels premetro was finished in 1969, and the first line of the Brussels Metro was opened in 1976.
The Heysel Stadium disaster took place in Brussels on 29 May 1985.
The Brussels Capital Region was founded on 18 June 1989 after a constitutional reform in 1970.
See the full history of Brussels on Wikipedia
Sister cities of Brussels
- Atlanta (USA)
- Berlin (Germany)
- Beijing (China)
- Montreal (Canada)
- Madrid (Spain)
- Boltaña (Spain)
- Moscow (Russia)
- Washington (USA)
- Kiev (Ukraine)
- Prague (Czech Republic)
- Ljubljana (Slovenia)
- Sofia (Bulgaria)
- Tiranë (Albania)
See all hotels of Brussels