Guide of Naples
Presentation of Naples
Naples is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples. The city is known for its rich history, art, culture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,800 years old. Naples is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, sitting on the coast by the Gulf of Naples.
Naples has seen a multitude of civilizations come and go, each leaving their mark and now the historic city centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The city is synonymous with pizza, which originated in the city. A strong part of Neapolitan culture which has had wide reaching effects is music, including the invention of the romantic guitar and the mandolin as well as strong contributions to opera and folk standards.
History of Naples
Naples was first founded in the seventh century BC as the city of Parthenope. Ally of Rome in the fourth century BC. AD, the city retains its long Greek culture and remain the most populous city of the Italic bunch and no doubt its true cultural capital. It was at Castel dell'Ovo that the last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustule was imprisoned after his fall.
In 1030, to address the threat Byzantine Serge IV Duke of Naples welcomes Normans led by Rainulf Drengot in the city of Aversa vassal. Norman will continue to increase over their possessions in southern Italy and in 1139, Roger II of Sicily, the founder of the Kingdom of Sicily, the city incorporates thekingdom. Charles II of Anjou who lost power in Sicily to the Spanish house of Aragon, Naples is the capital of a kingdom of Sicily, also sometimes called "the kingdom of Naples."
Alfonso V of Aragon took possession of Naples in 1443. The conquest was very important from an economic and military. With Catalans, Naples had a great cultural and commercial development. Naples passed by inheritance to Charles V and continued under Spanish rule until 1707.
1759 marks the final division of the kingdom of Naples from the Spanish crown. The city of Naples became the capital of the kingdom called there after kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Charles III of Bourbon, King of Spain, which gives the throne of the new kingdom and established his son Ferdinand. It will be a great builder, giving the city and its surrounding numerous palaces and monuments.
Second World War: From 27 to 30 September 1943, at the Four Days of Naples, the local population rises and addresses the Nazi forces occupying the city. The German army is routed before the arrival of the Allies. These actions apply to the city the Gold Medal of the military.
See the full history of Naples on wikipedia
Sister cities of Naples
- Athens (Greece)
- Budapest (Hungary)
- Călăraşi in Romania
- Gafsa in Tunisia
- Kolkata in India
- Nablus in Palestine
- Nosy Be in Madagascar
- Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
- Santiago de Cuba (Cuba)
- Sighetu Marmaţiei in Romania
- Valencia, Carabobo in Venezuela
- Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
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